“In fact or in reality” – For examples:
- De facto authority : Authority that exists in reality.
- De facto government : A government that sets itself up in place of the legal government, often by use of force.
- De facto judge : Someone who performs the duties of a judge but who does not have legitimate judicial authority.
- De facto marriage : A union of two parties who live together as husband and wife but in which the legality of the marriage is in some way defective.