Agentes et consentientes pari poena plectentur

    Economic Social and Cultural Rights
    “Acting and consenting parties are liable to the same punishment.” A person aiding and abetting the actual commission of a crime, either at the scene of its commission or else- where, is equally liable with the perpetrator, the former being a principal in the second degree, and the latter in the first degree.
    If A., with intent to murder, inflicts on B. an injury dangerous to life, aided and abetted by C, who is aware of the intent, they are both equally guilty and punishable.